Sacral Pressure Ulcer

A sacral pressure ulcer is a painful sore to the skin or underlying tissue located at the base of the spine. The ulcer forms as a result of constant and prolonged pressure exerted on this bony area of the body. Pressure ulcers can occur anywhere prolonged pressure is applied and sacral pressure ulcers are the most common type of ulcers. The following are risk factors for sacral pressure ulcers:

  • unrelieved pressure
  • reduced mobility or immobility
  • moisture
  • friction and shearing
  • malnutrition and dehydration
  • acute illness
  • vascular disease

To learn more about sacral pressure ulcers, see: