Preventing Pressure Ulcers

Pressure ulcers are easier to prevent than to treat, and once they have formed, they can lead to pain and even death. For this reason, it is crucial that health care providers prevent pressure ulcers before they begin to form.

By following some simple steps that are based on best practice, the health professional can team up with the patient and other caregivers to create an environment where pressure ulcers are reduced and even eliminated. Pressure ulcers may be prevented by implementing the following care measures:

  • Provide good skin care
  • Wash skin with warm water using mild soap
  • Protect the skin from sweat and urine
  • Keep clothes, skin, and bed sheets clean and dry
  • Apply moisturizing cream on skin every day
  • Frequently turn and re-position the patient
  • Encourage mobility
  • Assist with toileting needs
  • Encourage and provide a nutritious diet and ample fluids
  • Providing pressure reducing cushions, mattresses, beds, and elbow pads
  • Using a lifting device to move or lift patient